Residents and Fellows


Eldoret, Kenya

Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital

Thomas Holland, MD, MSc-GH

Global Health Pathway Graduate
Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellowship Alumni

(919) 681-8263
Infectious Diseases
Department of Medicine


Dr. Thomas Holland completed the Global Health Fellowship Pathway in 2011 and is currently Associate Professor of Medicine at Duke University Medical Center. He concurrently completed a Fogarty International Clinical Research Fellowship in Eldoret, Kenya where he investigated the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease. He received his undergraduate degree from Princeton University in Evolutionary Biology and his MD from Wake Forest University before completing Internal Medicine residency and Infectious Diseases fellowship training at Duke. His earliest interest in global health was born out of a year spent teaching in a secondary school in Lilongwe, Malawi.

During his internal medicine residency, Dr. Holland participated in the Hubert-Yeargan Center’s Global Health Elective Program and spent several months working with a primarily Aboriginal population in the Australian Outback. This experience further crystallized his commitment to a career spent advancing the care of underserved populations. He subsequently joined the Global Health Infectious Diseases Fellowship at Duke which equipped him as an infectious disease clinician as well as provided multidisciplinary training, via the Master of Science in Global Health. Dr. Holland applied this multidisciplinary training to a problem of fundamental importance in the developing world. In rheumatic heart disease in Kenya, there is an intersection of the clinical worlds of acute infectious disease and chronic cardiovascular disease, as well as the challenge of improving upon currently inadequate epidemiologic data.

Global Health Related Publications:

  • Bloomfield, G.S., J.W. Hogan, A. Keter, T.L. Holland, J. Osanya, E. Sang, S. Kimaiyo, and E.J. Velazquez, High Blood Pressure Increases Risk of Death Among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seropositive Individuals in Kenya. Circulation, 2012. 126(21).
  • Bloomfield, G.S., J.W. Hogan, A. Keter, T.L. Holland, E. Sang, S. Kimaiyo, and E.J. Velazquez, Blood pressure level impacts risk of death among HIV seropositive adults in Kenya: a retrospective analysis of electronic health records. BMC Infect Dis, 2014. 14: p. 284.
  • Lumsden, R.H., C. Akwanalo, S. Chepkwony, A. Kithei, V. Omollo, T.L. Holland, G.S. Bloomfield, and W.P. O’Meara, Clinical and geographic patterns of rheumatic heart disease in outpatients attending cardiology clinic in western Kenya. Int J Cardiol, 2016. 223: p. 228-235.
  • Masika, W.G., W.P. O’Meara, T.L. Holland, and J. Armstrong, Contribution of urinary tract infection to the burden of febrile illnesses in young children in rural Kenya. PLoS One, 2017. 12(3): p. e0174199.
  • O’Meara, W.P., J.A. Mott, J. Laktabai, K. Wamburu, B. Fields, J. Armstrong, S.M. Taylor, C. MacIntyre, R. Sen, D. Menya, W. Pan, B.P. Nicholson, C.W. Woods, and T.L. Holland, Etiology of pediatric fever in western Kenya: a case-control study of falciparum malaria, respiratory viruses, and streptococcal pharyngitis. Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2015. 92(5): p. 1030-7.
  • Radovanovic, D., G. Sotgiu, M. Jankovic, P.A. Mahesh, P.J. Marcos, M.I. Abdalla, M.F. Di Pasquale, A. Gramegna, S. Terraneo, F. Blasi, P. Santus, S. Aliberti, L.F. Reyes, M.I. Restrepo, and G.S. Group, An international perspective on hospitalized patients with viral community-acquired pneumonia. Eur J Intern Med, 2019. 60: p. 54-70.